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Comparison with Carrier HAP, Trane Trace, and Loadsoft

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The values calculated by Design Master HVAC match the values calculated by other loads programs. Any differences in output is typically the result of the building being modeled differently in the two programs. The difference goes away as soon as the two models are identical.

There is one instance where Design Master is different from an existing load calculation program. Some glass loads calculated by Design Master and Carrier HAP are different. With the help of some of our customers, we ran a controlled experiment to compare the Design Master output with Carrier HAP, Trane Trace, and Loadsoft.

Load Calculation Input

Orientation: South
Area: 40 SF
U-Value: 0.8
SHGC: 0.87
Latitude: 32 N
Outside Air Dry Bulb High Temperature (July): 97 F
Daily Range: 18 F
Inside Temperature: 70 F
Peak Time: July, 3:00 pm

Calculated Glass Load

Design Master HVAC2,300 btuh
Trane Trace2,500 btuh
Loadsoft2,400 btuh
Carrier HAP1,700 btuh

Conclusion

Design Master HVAC, Trane Trace, and Loadsoft all calculate a glass load that is approximately the same. Carrier HAP calculates a glass load the is significantly lower than the other three.

Based upon these results, we are confident in the numbers that Design Master HVAC reports for this load. It is based upon the proven CLTD method, and it matches two other industry standard programs, Loadsoft and Trane Trace.


Calculation Methods

Design Master HVAC is calculated using the Cooling Load Temperature Difference (CLTD) method. Loadsoft uses the new Radiant Time Series (RTS) method. Carrier HAP uses Transfer Function Method (TFM). It was unclear from the documentation what Trane Trace uses, but our best guess is that they use TFM.

Verification by Hand

One benefit of the CLTD method is that it is easy to verify the output by hand. Here is how the Design Master value is calculated:

Glass Load = Glass Conduction + Glass Solar

Glass Conduction = U * A * (Conduction(time) + CLTD Correction Factor)
Conduction(3pm) = 14
CLTD Correction Factor
        = (78 - Inside Temperature) + (Outside Temperature - 85 - (Daily Range / 2))
        = (78 - 70) + (97 - 85 - (18 / 2))
        = 11
Glass Conduction = 0.8 * 40 * (14 + 11) = 800

Glass Solar = A * (SHGC / 0.87) * CLTD
CLTD = 38
Glass Solar = 40 * (0.87 / 0.87) * 38 = 1520

Glass Load = 2320

The conduction function is based upon table 34 in 1997 ASHRAE Handbook - Fundamentals

The CLTD is based upon a table generated by software included with Cooling and Heating Load Calculation Manual - Second edition, McQuiston and Spitler, 1992.

Previous Feature: Ventilation Calculation (ASHRAE 62 & 2006 IMC) - Free Demonstration and 30-Day Trial

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