Voltage Drop Calculation Method |

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Three-Phase % Voltage Drop = Load in Amps * Effective Z * (Wire Length / 1,000) * 100 / Line-to-Neutral Voltage Single-Phase % Voltage Drop = Load in Amps * Effective Z * (Wire Length / 1,000) * 100 * 2 / Voltage Load in Amps is different for feeders and branch circuits. For feeders, it is the calculated load on the panel assuming a balanced load. For branch circuits, it is based upon the connected load. Effective Z = R * Power Factor + X sin(arccos(Power Factor)) (See NEC Table 9 Note 2) R = Resistance set in the Wire Sizing command. X = Reactance set in the Wire Sizing command. Power Factor = 0.85 Line-to-Neutral Voltage is used for three-phase calculations based upon NEC Table 9 Note 2: "Multiplying current by effective impedance gives a good approximation for line-to-neutral voltage drop." Voltage is the line-to-neutral voltage for single-pole circuits and line-to-line voltage for two-pole circuits. The feeder impedance values are based upon NEC Table 9. These values can be modified by the user. The transformer impedance values are for dry-type indoor transformers. These values can be modified by the user. |

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